Ayurveda is a holistic healing science which comprises, Ayu and Veda meaning life and knowledge/science, literally meaning the science of life. It’s a science dealing with treatment of diseases and is also a complete way of life.
Ayurveda aims at developing a society that is happy, healthy and peaceful. It aims at the two most important factors of Ayurveda, ie, to maintain the health of a person and to cure the diseases of the sick.
A Person in Ayurveda is seen as a unique individual made up of five primary elements which are ether (space), air, fire, water and earth.
Similarly, these elements are present in humans too. When either of these elements are imbalanced in the environment, apparently they have an influence on us too. The food and the weather are two examples of the influence of these elements. While we are a combination of these five elements, certain elements are seen to have an ability to combine to create various physiological functions.
Importance of Dosha’s
● It primarily focuses on formulating and maintaining the balance of life energies within us.
● It recognizes the unique inherent differences of all individuals and therefore advises different plans for different people. Even though 2 people may appear to have the same outward symptoms, their energetic inherent may be very different and therefore call for different remedies.
● Ayurveda assists Nature by living a life of balance according to the law. Ayurveda is a medical practise which perceives the ultimate intelligence and wisdom that flows from one source.
● It also describes the 3 fundamental energies which regulate all natural processes on all levels, namely, Vaata, Pitta and Kapha.
● It pursues to heal the disorders of the mind-body complex and restore harmony.
The Ayurvedic understanding of the universe is based on a three‐ fold system called the Tridosha Theory. The tridosha balances every physiological and psychological process in humans. The interaction among them determines the qualities and conditions of a person. A peaceful state of the Tridosha ( Vaata, Pitta, Kapha) forms balance and health and an imbalance in the tridosha, be an excess or deficiency, exhibits as a sign of disease.
Vata, pitta and kapha are present in every cell, tissue and organ in different scales.
Vata is accountable for the movements of the body and mind. Balanced Vata produces flexibility and a balanced mind.
Pitta is composed of fire and water. It functions are correlated with the digestive processes, metabolic activities and body temperature. Balanced Pitta lends itself to intelligence and leadership.
Kapha is constituted of earth and water. Kapha corresponds to building of body tissues and lubricates, moistens and maintains immunity. Balanced Kapha is love and forgiveness.